Building Nation Character through Inspirational Media

At this time, Indonesia is facing a 21st century characterized by various global trends. At least there are 3 important trends facing the Indonesian people today. First , the ongoing digital revolution whose influence is increasingly strong to change life, culture, civilization, and society, including education. Second , the phenomenon of the Creative Century that places information, knowledge, creativity, innovation and networking as strategic resources for individuals, society, corporations, and the state. Third, there is an increasingly intensive integration of parts of the world due to internationalization, globalization, multilateral relations, communication technology, and transportation technology. These three things have given rise to a new order, new measures, and new needs that are different from before, which must be responded to and fulfilled by the world of national education as well as possible.

The values of national education need to be transformed in such a way that education is increasingly able to contribute meaningfully to the progress of Indonesia now and in the future. The transformation of national education began by putting back the character as the soul or the deepest dimension of national education by focusing on harmonizing the heart (ethics), though taste (aesthetics), sports (kinesthetic) and thinking (literacy).

The basic conception of national education is in line with the brilliant thinking of Ki Hadjar Dewantara, father of Indonesian education, who stressed explicitly that "Education is an effort to advance the growth of character (inner strength, character), mind (intelec) and the child's body. These parts must not be separated so that we can advance the perfection of the lives of our children ”(Ki Hadjar Dewantara Book I: Education). Likewise in the National Education System of Indonesia, it has been emphasized that " National education functions to develop capabilities and shape dignified national character and civilization in order to educate the nation's life, aiming at developing potential students to become believers and pious to God Almighty, noble, healthy, knowledgeable, capable, creative, independent, and a democratic and responsible citizen ".

The Ministry of Education and Culture is very interested and has very serious attention in equipping children to face various dynamic changes in the future through the policy of the Character Education Strengthening Movement (PPK). This policy occupies a fundamental and strategic position when the government proclaims the nation's character revolution as stated in Nawacita, inflames the National Mental Revolution Movement, and sets out in the 2015-2019 National Medium-Term Development Plan. The PPK movement places character as the axis of education or a national education platform that puts character meaning and value as the main soul or generator for the implementation of national education. Besides that, PPK places character values ​​as the deepest dimension of education that must be accustomed and cultivated in various educational activities. For this reason, there are 5 main values ​​that need to be developed as a priority for the KDP Movement. The five main values ​​of the character are religious, nationalist, independent, mutual cooperation and integrity where these values ​​are chosen based on the Pancasila, the Mental Revolution National Movement (GNRM), national needs, and Indonesian local wisdom.

Based on this, KDP must be integrated into all curriculum activities both in intracurricular, cochurricular, extracurricular and non-curricular. In this integration, KDP activities are known as 3 (three) main bases, that is class-based, school-based culture and community participation-based which are developed through simultaneous involvement of the public, namely citizens of the school, family and community. This indicates that learning activities are not only limited to the walls or the walls of class and school, but more broadly learning can be carried out outside the school. There are so many learning resources outside of school that can be utilized by teachers optimally which can actually provide deep meaning for students. For example schools can build collaborations with arts and cultural parties, museums and tourist attractions, government offices, prisons, places of worship, centers of economic activity, and other facilities that can be meaningful learning tools. Of the many and extensive learning resources, often we have not used inspirational media, where the media currently plays an important role and is able to provide a very significant influence in shaping the character of our children.

Media is said to be something that can be used to channel information or messages. In the context of education, the teaching and learning process in the 21st Century is absolutely necessary for inspirational media in order to send a message of good character to each student effectively and pleasantly. This creative learning needs to be optimized through the use of various media, such as television, social media, video, and film media. This is in line with what is called contextual character education, digital technology needs to be used as a learning media in the 21st century that serves as a strategy to grow good characters for today's young generation that we often call "Digital Generation".

Collaboration with the Film Industry

Based on these conditions, we agree that film media is one of the most influential media in the growth of the "Digital Generation" character. Dr. Mukhlis Paeni, a historian who is currently Chair of the Society of Indonesian Historians said: "Generation is now very closely related to technology. So, film is the most appropriate media. Because film is an audiovisual media that is interesting, easy to digest and can directly penetrate their minds and souls."

This is where the preparation of the film industry that conveys character messages needs to be supported and developed more broadly. One example, the inspiring film Laskar Pelangi has attracted the attention of the public with an audience of up to five million people. This film tells the story about the struggle of ten children in getting an education, living in a remote area in East Belitong with educational facilities and minimal economic conditions, has inspired that enthusiasm in obtaining education and effort in realizing ideals must continue to be pursued and realized to obtain promise of a better life. Thus, film is one of the most inspirational and persuasive media in harmonizing heart (ethics), taste (aesthetics), sports (kinesthetic) and though thinking (literacy) for today's young generation.

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