Musical Intelligence


Howard Gardner's idea of ​​Comprehensive Intelligence (Multiple Intelligence), as written in his book entitled "Frames of Mind" (1983) has changed our perspective in studying human intelligence. Long time ago, intelligence tends to be interpreted singly, as far as intellectuals in permanent IQ size. Gardner suggests 8 (eight) types of individual intelligence, including: (1) linguistics, (2) logic-mathematics, (3) kinesthetic, (4) visual-spatial, (5) musical, (6) interpersonal, (7) intrapersonal , and (8) natural. At present, Gardner's theory of Multiple Intelligence has become an important reference in the education process.

What we will discuss in this paper is about musical intelligence. Music is a work of art in the form of a song or musical composition, which expresses the thoughts and feelings of its creator through musical elements: rhythm, melody, harmony, form or structure of the song, and expression as a whole. Music has an important role in one's life, besides being able to develop creativity, music can also help develop individuals, develop sensitivity, build a sense of beauty, express expressions, provide challenges, practice discipline and introduce the history of national culture.

Musical intelligence is the ability of individuals to compose songs and music, sing and play musical instruments, and can appreciate all types of music, and have a strong sensitivity to harmony and universal awareness of various patterns of life.

Gardner and many other scientists believe that musical intelligence is central to human experience and is the beginning of the emergence of individual intelligence.

Musical intelligence has a close relationship with other types of intelligence. We often "feel" music with our bodies through body movements that are in accordance with the rhythm of the music (kinesthetic intelligence), for example: shaking their heads, stomping their feet, patting their thighs, dancing, dancing and various other gestures. We also often "feel" music with our emotions, for example crying, creeps, joy, or other emotional expressions when hearing certain appropriate music (emotional intelligence).

Gardner also explained that "Music ability is related to sound memory. A percentage of what someone hears will enter into his subconscious and become a central part of his memory ". "If we can explain music, we might find the key for all human thought."

With his musical intelligence, one can get various benefits, including:

1. Having knowledge on how to reduce stress that is being experienced.
2. Improve the creativity abilities of himself and others.
3. Exploring various hidden abilities for the sake of learning and remembering various information about something: people, places, objects and so on.
4. Sharpen the mood to further optimize her existence.
5. Having knowledge to deepen his personal relationship with others.

Although in different sizes and shapes, basically everyone has the potential for musical intelligence. Therefore, music art education is important. Through proper and directed music education, it will help develop humans to become more cultured, to have a balance between their thoughts, feelings and behavior. If this intelligence potential does not get the right distribution, through proper education, what is feared is the opposite of the nature of the music itself. Instead of producing cultured humans, it actually produces humans who abandon their own cultural values, by displaying their "eccentric" behaviors that are excessive. Therefore, let's make music, make life more beautiful.

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