The History of Qur'anic Writing Process at the Age of Prophet Muhammad


The history of collecting and writing process of Al-Quran has been going on since the age of Prophet Muhammad. This also indicates that the tradition of Islamic literacy has been going on since the arrival of Islam in the Arabian Peninsula which was brought by Prophet Muhammad. Of course it would be appropriate if Prophet Muhammad get the title as the father of literacy. He was the one who deconstructed the oral tradition of the Arab into tradition of literacy based on the first revelation in Qur'an. While the Prophet was still alive, he had several recorders of revelations, including the Khulafa 'al-Rashidun, Muawiyah, Zaid bin Tsabit, Khalid bin Walid, Ubai bin Ka'ab, and Thabit bin Qois.

To avoid mixing Qur'an with others, the Prophet instructed the sahaba not to write anything other than Qur'an. The pattern of gathering the Qur'an at the age of the Prophet was still very simple. The stationery used by sahaba at that time was very diverse, including: sheets of skin, leaf sheets, or sheets of cloth, palm fronds, thin stones, wide bones of camels or goats and others.

At the age of Prophet, the collecting and writing of the verses of Qur'an were still scattered, this was due to among others:

  1. First, there are still many memorizers among sahaba.
  2. Second, the Prophet was always waiting for the revelation to come.
  3. Third, the possibility of verses that abrogate (revise) some legal provisions that have come down before.

After the Qur'an came down completely, which was marked by the death of the Prophet, then Allah inspired the Khulafa 'al-Rashidun to collect the Koran in one manuscript, and this is God's promise to preserve Qur'an for Muslims.

After the death of the Prophet and before the reign of the Caliph Uthman ibn Affan there were thousands copies of Qur'an.

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